Teacher's Career Roadmap

  In this article, I am going to carve a complete roadmap for a teacher to become a successful and an expert teacher. I will provide a step by step guidance about all the necessary skills a teacher should have. 

At the first step, a teacher should be well versed with his particular subject or area of specialization. He should keep his knowledge up to date in his particular subject. For this, a teacher should join or get membership of the community of practice of his particular subject. In this way, he will be aware of all the contemporary advancements in his subject, and consequently, his students will have up to date knowledge. 

The next step for a teacher is to identify or select his beliefs about teaching or education. It means how one perceives teaching or education. It is because until or unless a teacher is not clear about his beliefs about teaching, he can not be clear about other elements of teaching like approaches, methods, assessment, feedback etc. So, it is vital for a teacher to set his beliefs about teaching. 

After this, a teacher needs to know about all the requisites of teaching practice such as lesson planning,  classroom management, child development theories, approaches, methodologies, assessment, feedback, reflection, action research etc. In my other posts, I will throw light on these topics. Micro teaching is the best way to improve different skills related to teaching practice. 

Besides this, a teacher should join some community of practices which can help him in keeping his knowledge up to date, and can share problems and solutions to particular problems, and in return can get valuable information about the teaching field. Moreover, there are many platforms available can update their knowledge and get free training online or face to face such FutureLearn and Canvas online courses. 

To be expert in all the areas given above, a consistent urge and struggle is required on the part of a teacher. It is said that an expert teacher is better than an experienced teacher which means that experience without significant improvement is useless. Don't need to be panic, just stick to your work and move ahead step by step.


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Pronoun and its Types

Pronoun is the word which is used in place of a noun.
Pronoun Example: I, we, he, she, it, they, you, this, which, my, yourself, mine etc. 

Types of Pronouns

1- Personal Pronouns
2- Reflexive Pronouns
3- Interrogative Pronouns
4- Relative Pronouns
5- Demonstrative Pronouns
6- Possessive Pronouns

1- Personal Pronouns

Personal pronouns are used in place of the  name of a specific person.

Person

Subjective Form

Objective Form

First

I

me

We

us

Second

You

you

Third

He

him

She

her

It

it

They

them

 

2- Reflexive Pronouns

These are the pronouns which show the effect of the subject on itself

For example: myself, yourself, ourselves, themselves, itself, himself, herself

Sentences:
She herself opened the door
I myself served my guests

3- Interrogative Pronouns

These pronouns ask questions about the things which we do not know

For example: who, which, whom, what

Sentences:
What is your name?
Who is knocking at the door?

4- Relative Pronouns

These are the pronouns which join independent and subordinate clauses.

For example: which, who, that, whom, whose

Sentences:
Whose letter is this?
He is the boy whom I met yesterday.

5- Demonstrative Pronouns 

These are the pronouns which refer to a thing or things.

For example: this, that, those, these

Sentences:
This is my car.
Those are their chairs.

6- Possessive Pronouns

These Pronouns show the possession of a noun.

For example: mine, yours, ours, its, theirs, his, hers

Sentences:
This book is mine.
Is this pen yours?


Other Related Links:

Conditional Sentences

Preposition and its Types 

Adverb with Examples

Verbs with examples

Adjectives and its Types with Examples

Noun and its Types

Past Perfect Continuous Tense

Past Perfect Tense

Past Continuous Tense

Past Simple Tense

Present Perfect Continuous

Present Perfect Tense

Present Continuous Tense

Present Simple Tense 

 







Noun and its Types

 Noun

The name of a person, place or thing is called a noun.

Noun example: table, chair, London, John, Road, etc.

Kinds of Nouns

There are different types of Nouns:

Proper Nou

The specific name of a person,  place or thing is called a proper noun.

For example: Pakistan, Johnson, Washington, Holy Quran etc.

Common Noun

Generic or common name of a person, place or thing is called a common noun.

For example: boy, animal, city, book etc.

Countable Nouns

The nouns which have plural form are called countable nouns.

For example: pen, city, plant, boy

Uncountable Nouns

The Nouns which do not have plural forms are called uncountable nouns. 

For example: oil, sugar, water etc.

Concrete Nouns

The name of the things which we can observe through our senses are called concrete nouns. 

For example: boy, book, table or other than abstract noun.

Abstract Nouns

The name of the things which we can not observe through our senses are called abstract Nouns. These may be ideas, emotions qualities etc.

For example: honesty, responsibility, bravery etc.

Collective Noun

The Nouns which represent a group are called collective nouns.

For example: army, police, jury etc.

Compund Nouns 

The Nouns which are formed by joining two or more words are called compound nouns.

For example: day dreaming, sister in law, well being etc.






Other Related Links:

Conditional Sentences

Preposition and its Types 

Adverb with Examples

Verbs with examples

Adjectives and its Types with Examples

Pronoun and its Types

Past Perfect Continuous Tense

Past Perfect Tense

Past Continuous Tense

Past Simple Tense

Present Perfect Continuous

Present Perfect Tense

Present Continuous Tense

Present Simple Tense 

 



Assessment and the teacher's needs

 Assessment is very important element of education. It not only checks the progress of the student's learning but it also enhances their ability to learn different things. But to get full benefits of assessment, one needs to an expert at assessment. It is equally beneficial for both  teachers and students. So, the role of assessment is very diverse in education. 

For teachers, assessment play a very important role for their own reflection. On the regular basis, they can check how far they are successful in achieving the objectives of their lessons. Assessment can help them modify their lessons and plan for the future lessons. So, the teachers should integrate assessment in their own reflection. 

For students, assessment is a very important reflection of their learning but it all depends how they carry out assessment and how they provide feedback on student's work. It can both way, constructive or destructive. A construction and productive feedback can ease the motivation of the students whereas a negative feedback can hinder the progress of the students, and can demotivate them. It all depends on their expertise in providing feedback. Assessment not only monitors the progress of the students but also speed up their progress. 

To get the full benefits of assessment, teachers should be expert in these areas:

First and the most important thing is to be familiar with the concept of assessment and its types. As there are different types of assessment like summative, formative, diagnostic and placement etc, two of these are very important for a teacher to know deeply. Each of these have different roles. So, unless the teacher does know the roles of each type of assessment can not fully benefited from assessment. In some schools or area of the world, the focus is more on summative assessment which only judges the ability of students unlike formative assessment which serves the wide purposes rather than mere judgments. Formative assessment not only checks the progress of the students but also increases their understanding of the certain topics. So, the teacher's expertise in assessment is very important. 

Secondly, the teachers should be expert in educational measurement which is the very important step of assessment. Measurement provides the different ways and the tools of collecting data for feedback and discussion. Different tools of assessment are tests, quizzes, worksheets, assignments and  projects etc. Teacher should know how to prepare a measurement tool to cater different ability groups of students. They should also know how to develop concept oriented measurement rather than simply measuring the memories of the students. For this purpose, they need to know different taxonomies of learning objectives. One of the most beneficial and widely used taxonomy is Bloom Taxonomy. It provides a systematic framework for all the three domains of human development i.e. physical, moral and mental. 

In short, assessment is one of the major elements of educational process and without knowing and getting expert in the all above given areas of assessment, a teacher can not get full benefits of the process of assessment. 


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Use of is, are and am Worksheet

 Fill in the blanks with the suitable word


1- Where ---------- going right now? (is, was, are)

2- I ---------- making a plan for my study preparation at the moment. (are, am, is)

3- They ---------- doing practice for the coming match now a days. (does, are, is)

4- We ---------- collecting funds for the charity school. (are, am, will)

5- Who ---------- knocking at door consistently? (is, are, does)

6- The doctor ---------- examining the patient at the moment. (are, am, is)

7- You ---------- not abiding by the rules. (was, are, is)

8- ---------- she preparing meal for children right now? (do, are, is)

9- John and David ---------- playing together in the playground. (are, is, am)

10- What ---------- you doing now a days? (am, are, was)


Use of is, are and am Worksheet




















Related Posts:

Mixed Tenses Worksheet

Mixed Tenses Worksheet 2

Worksheet for Present Simple Tense (passive voice)

Past Simple Passive Voice Worksheet 

Use of is, are and am Worksheet

Vocabulary Worksheets

Past Simple Passive Voice Worksheet

 Change of Voice 


1- He  completed his work five minute before. 

________________________________________________


2-  Did he play football yesterday? 

_____________________________________


3- They were stopped by the security guard. 

______________________________________________


4- We played cricket last day. 

__________________________________


5- Mangoes were not eaten by them one day before.

_____________________________________________________


6- Kids did not wash hands before eating. 

___________________________________________


7- He was surprised by his strange behaviour. 

_________________________________________________


8- Teacher taught the new topic yesterday. 

______________________________________________


9- She found the book from her bag two minutes before. 

____________________________________________________


10- Thief was caught by the police after a longe chase.

_______________________________________________________


Past Simple Passive Voice Worksheet





































Related Posts:

Mixed Tenses Worksheet

Mixed Tenses Worksheet 2

Worksheet for Present Simple Tense (passive voice)

Past Simple Passive Voice Worksheet 

Use of is, are and am Worksheet

Vocabulary Worksheets


Worksheet for Present Simple Tense (passive voice)

 Change of Voice


1- I do not like junk foods. 

__________________________________


2- He plays cricket on Sundays.

__________________________________


3-Are the rules obeyed by them?

__________________________________


4- Exercise is done by her daily. 

__________________________________


5- We always speak the truth. 

__________________________________


6- He does not attend clients on weekdays. 

___________________________________


7- We respect our teachers. 

___________________________________


8- Are others always helped by you? 

___________________________________


9- Waseem often visits my office. 

___________________________________


10- Ali and Ahmad make a plan together.

___________________________________


Worksheet Present Simple Tense passive voice






































Related Posts:

Mixed Tenses Worksheet

Mixed Tenses Worksheet 2

Worksheet for Present Simple Tense (passive voice)

Past Simple Passive Voice Worksheet 

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Vocabulary Worksheets


English as a Lingua Franca

          English has become a global language and has taken the status of lingua franca due to its wide spread and use. English is the third largest language of the world after Chinese and Spanish, in terms of the native speakers or first language speakers with about 370 million native speakers. With about two billion speakers, English is widely spoken language all over the world. The countries such as United Kingdom, United States, Canada, Australia, Jamaica, New Zealand and Ireland speak English as a native language. The countries where English has legal status as a primary language such as Australia, New Zealand, Canada, United Kingdom, United States, Bahamas, Barbados, Belize, Philippines and Trinidad and Tobago. The countries which speak English as a second language are: Poland, Sweden, Denmark, Norway, Finland, Estonia, Germany, Singapore and Austria. English being lingua Franca and a global language has a great impact on economic, social and cultural aspects of the global world. 

          English being the business communication language in most part of the world and at international level, has great importance in economic terms. Almost all the big companies and organizations use English as a communication tool all over the world. Following are the countries in which English is widely spoken as business language such as Philippines, Norway, Serbia, Slovenia, Australia, Malaysia, India, Lithuania, Singapore and Canada.

          Culture and language go side by side and always have effects on each other. Culture and society shape language and language shapes society and culture. Language never come alone but it brings culture with it. English due to its worldwide importance is ranked high in under developing countries in terms of social status. Even it determines the social class difference in under developing countries. So, English as a second language is popular all over the world. As far as social value of English is concerned, in most part of the world, English is considered the language of high class and it is the symbol of high status particularly in underdeveloped countries where English is a second language.

          English being the business communication language in most part of the world and at international level, has great importance in economic terms. Almost all the big companies and organizations use English as a communication tool all over the world. One of the important factor of getting employed in different organizations and countries is being good at English language. English is the dominant business language and it has become almost a necessity for people to speak English if they are to enter a global workforce, research from all over the world shows that cross-border business communication is most often conducted in English. Its importance in the global business market cannot be ignored, learning English really can change your life.

          Following are the regions and international bodies in which English is upheld as a recognized language such as Rwanda, Liberian, Philippines, Marshall Islands, Palau, Commonwealth of Nations and the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN). English is one of the official languages of the United Nations, the European Union, NAFTA, African Union, Organization of Islamic Cooperation, Caribbean Community, Union of South American Nations and many other international organizations.

          English is being used as a medium of instruction in most of educational institutions all over the world. Most of the world knowledge and research is presented through English language. ESL profession is spreading rapidly due to increasing numbers of learners of English as a second language. A number of employment opportunities are available in this profession.


Tips for IELTS Preparation

         Learning a language does not happen in a single or few days. It develops on day by day. That is why, your score in IELTS depends 70% on previous learning since you started learning English formally and informally, and 30% on your preparation for IELTS exams. So, if any one promises you to make you get prepared for high scores in IELTS, without keeping in mind your previous learning level is actually a fake.

          In this article, I will tell you some concrete steps and tips which you need to carry out for your IELTS preparation. The first and the most important step for you to completely get familiar with the structure, mode of exam and marking rubrics. You need to decide about which module of IELTS you want to appear, academic or general. It depends on your purpose of taking IELTS exam. If you want to do IELTS for study purposes or for job in some organizations, you need to appear in IELTS academic and if you want to apply for immigration, you need to take IELTS general. 

         IELTS both academic and general comprise of four parts i.e. reading, writing, speaking and listening. Listening and speaking parts are same for both modules but reading and writing or different. Main difference is on the part of content. Now we will talk about the IELTS preparation in all the four skills one by one.

         For reading skill, you need to practice regularly. For this you need not any instructor or teacher. You just need to learn some basic techniques of reading like skimming, scanning  and detailed reading. You can get information about this through online search easily and I will also discuss it in details in a later post. But for reading skill, you can prepare on your own. IELTS official booklet set is useful for its preparation.

        For listening skill, you also need a lot of practice regularly. But again you can practice for this skill on your own. For its practice, IELTS official listening book is quite useful. In addition to this, you can use British Council listening applications which are available at British council website. You don't need any special teacher for it. Some tips will be sufficient to cater this skill . As you need to know native speakers of English only stress on strong forms of words like nouns, adjectives, verbs and adverbs while they pronounce the soft forms of words like pronouns, prepositions, conjunctions, and auxiliary verbs softly and quickly. So, you need to focus more on strong forms rather than week forms while listening so that you can follow them easily. 

         For speaking skill, you need a lot of practice with others like teacher, classmates and friends. Try to speak English as much as you can. Remove your hesitation and speak English as much as you can. Fluency is very important for this skill. Proper articulation of words will give you boast in fluency. Hesitation and fear of making mistakes can be hurdle. So, put it aside and just focus on practice. It will develop day by day. For both listening and speaking skill, it is handy to watch English videos, movies and songs.

        For writing skill, you need an expert teacher who knows the basics of writing. It is because you need a proper feedback on your writing each day. For this skill, you need to learn grammar, sentence structure, cohesion and coherence. This is the skill where you need a lot of help from teacher.

        I hope that this article will give you a brief and practical overview of IELTS preparation.  In the later posts, I will talk about about each skill in details one by one. 

Other Related Link:

Important Tips to improve English Speaking





Mixed Tenses Worksheet 2

 Choose the correct form of the verb

1- Where are ---------- you right now? (go, going, went)

2- They ---------- to visit their uncle’s house on Sundays. (like, liked, liked)

3- She did not ---------- him in his difficult time. (helped, helping, help)

4- Have they ---------- a plan for the trip? (made, make, making)

5- John was ---------- the plants at that time? (watered, watering, water)

6- He had been ---------- for 10 years in that office. (working, work, worked)

7- Students ----------their teacher warmly. (welcomed, welcome, welcoming)

8- They will ----------to Australia next Monday. (go, went, going)

9- Do you ---------- in a village? (lived, living, live)

10- The train has ---------- the station when he reached there. (left, leave, leaving)


Mixed Tenses Worksheet








Download Single National Curriculum Pakistan 2021

 Government of Pakistan has developed single national curriculum for schools. All the public and Private schools will be bound to follow this new curriculum as guide in their schools. Private schools will get certificate form government before selecting certain books for their students and they will have to use only recommended books by the government. The other prominent thing is that religious madrassas will also follow the same curriculum and books.

In this regard, Government of the Punjab has started training on Single National Curriculum for all the Public and Private Teachers in different batches across Punjab. Government of Punjab has collaborated with Microsoft and training is being conducted on Microsoft Teams. For this purpose a large data base has been developed and each master Trainer and the teacher is provided with a specific Id and User name to join the training on MS Teams. Teachers are divided into three groups (Arts, General and Science) on the basis of the subject they teach.

Three days training will be on Microsoft Teams and then they will spend three days on learning management  system ( SNC Application) which can be downloaded from play store. In this application, their are different activities for all the subjects. After completing those activities, teachers will get a certificate as a proof of their learning.

Click on the links given below to download single national curriculum of your desired Subject.


EARLY CHILDHOOD CARE AND EDUCATION GRADE PRE I 2021

GENERAL KNOWLEDGE GRADE I-III 2021

ENGLISH GRADE I-V 2021

GENERAL SCIENCE GRADE IV-V 2021

ISLAMYAT GRADE I-V 2021

MATHEMATICS GRADE I-V 2021

URDU GRADE I-V 2021

SOCIAL STUDIES GRADE IV-V 2021


Other Important Links:

Scheme of Studies for Single National Curriculum Pakistan

Salient Features of Single National Curriculum 2021 Pakistan

How to Use LMS Software for the Government teachers of Punjab Province

Download Books of Punjab Textbook Board for all classes 

Difference between Curriculum, Syllabus and Course

Types of Curriculum





Mixed Tenses Worksheet

 Fill in the Blanks with the suitable word.

1- What ------------ you doing at the moment?

2- He ------------ cricket on Sundays. 

3- She -------------- completed her work recently.

4-  -------------- you go to London tomorrow?

5- We always --------------- the truth. 

6- He ---------- not go to library last Sunday. 

7- They had ------------- living there ----------------- 1990.

8- ------------- you always help others. 

9- Waseem -------------- my office last week.

10- Ali and Ahmad ------------ watching television at that moment.      


Related Posts:

Mixed Tenses Worksheet

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Worksheet for Present Simple Tense (passive voice)

Past Simple Passive Voice Worksheet 

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Factors which make training motivating and successful

 

Following are the three most important factors which make training motivating successful.

Building  Rapport

          Building Rapport is the first and very important step in making training motivating and successful. It will make the behavior of the participants positive and constructive. Once the rapport is build up, you can derive the things as you can. You can carry out your activities smoothly and effectively. They will participate in the activities actively. They will share their ideas eagerly and enthusiastically. There will be a feeling of mutual cooperation, not only between trainer and participants but also among participants. They will also cooperate each other so that learning will be effective and everyone will share the benefit of it.  

Effective Instructions

          The second most important thing is instructions. If the instructions are clear and comprehensible, half of the job is done as far as managing the activity is concerned. So, the instructions should be clear, brief and comprehensible so that participants of all levels can understand well. Effective instructions can lead to successful management of an activity. It enhances the chances of achievement of learning outcomes. The involvement of participants will be high in the activity. There  will be no communication gap and rapport will be established not only between trainer and participants and also  among participants.

Constructive feedback

          The third most important thing is constructive feedback. Constructive feedback is like an investment for a better future. Constructive feedback has multiple effects on the receiving person. Constructive feedback can boost confidence of learners. Their motivation level will be increased. Once their confident is raised, it can lead to their valuable participation in the course. They will not feel hesitant to share their ideas. They will start thinking positively and constructively. It will also have a positive effect on their behavior. It can also help in building rapport. Learning will be accelerated and become effective. Constructive feedback provides a valuable reflection for further planning.

All these factors when join together make the training motivating and effective to a great deal. 






Roles of a Teacher Educator

 Following are some of the roles of a teacher educator.

Facilitator

       This role of trainer is very important because it makes the training effective and run smoothly. As a facilitator, one can ensure more active participation of trainees in learning, activities and discussions. It also helps in motivating the learners. Once they get proper facilitation, they will be more motivated and involved in learning. He leads the trainees towards productive conclusion and outcomes of the particular training. He focuses all the aspects of learning including physical, mental and moral, so that effective and productive learning takes place. Good facilitation provided by the trainer helps to develop good rapport between trainer and trainees which leads to effective learning and development. Without Proper facilitation, training will become hectic and burdensome for the trainees. Consequently, they will lose the interest and it will be difficult to achieve the learning outcomes of the training. So a trainer should know the importance of his role as a facilitator.

Mentor

       Mentoring is also very important in training context. Teachers feel good and comfortable when they receive guidance and assistance from a person who is more expert and experienced than them. As a mentor, one can develop a good professional liaison with the teachers which can encourage them to share their problems with the mentor. Trainees will not feel any hesitation in sharing their experiences with the trainer. Subsequently, they will be able to get better solutions to their problems. Trainer as a mentor can play a vital role in making trainees realize their improvement areas. Once the improvement areas are identified, he can guide to find solutions to their problems using their strengths. It will create a feeling of achievement and success in the mind of trainees and their motivation level will be increased. Ultimately, it will make the training effective.

Planner

           Without good planning, it is impossible to carry out effective and successful training sessions. If you plan well, it means half of the job is done. You feel more confident and comfortable as a trainer, if you have planned properly. Things would not happen in haphazard. You can also manage the time well. It would be helpful in achieving learning outcomes. A trainer plans all activities keeping in mind the learning outcomes and level of his learners. This makes training more effective and productive. If there is no proper planning, everything will happen in a haphazard. You will not be able to carry out all the activities within time. Effective learning will not take place. As trainees are adults, they will immediately notice the situation and then they will lose the interest in the activities. Once they will be off task, it would be difficult to make them on task. So trainer s’ planning role is central to effective and successful training.