Conditional Sentences

 Conditional sentences are those sentences which are comprised of two parts. One part shows a situation or condition and the other shows the effect of that situation or condition.

Example: If it rains, the soil gets wet.


Types of Conditional Sentences

Conditional sentences are of four types:

1- Zero Conditional

2- First Conditional

3- Second Conditional

1- Third Conditional


1- Zero Conditional

Result in zero conditional sentence is extremely certain. If one condition is present, then its relevant result is compulsory like universal truth. These sentences show facts and universal truths. Conditional Part starts with the conjunction 'if'. Both parts of the sentence are in simple present tense.

Examples:

If  he fells from the roof, he gets injury

If they play better than the opponents, they win the match.


2- First Conditional

Result in first conditional sentence is not certain but likely to happen.  Conditional Part starts with the conjunction 'if'. Both parts of the sentence are in different tense. One part is in simple present and the other part is in simple future.

Examples:

If  he works hard, he will succeed.

If it rains, he will cancel the trip.


3- Second Conditional

Result in second conditional sentence is unlikely but not impossible to to happen.  Conditional Part starts with the conjunction 'if'. One part is in simple past and the other part carries model verb 'would' and present form of verb.

Examples:

If  I won the match , I would grasp the first place in ranking.

If he came to London, he would meet the friends.


4- Third Conditional

Result in third conditional sentence is impossible to to happen because the time for happening that condition has passed in the passed and it is imaginary situation now.  Conditional Part starts with the conjunction 'if'. One part is in past perfect and the other part carries 'would have' and past participle form of verb.

Examples:

If  I had won the lottery, I would have helped the poor.

If he had the powers, he would have crushed the opponents with cruelty.


Other Related Links:

Preposition and its Types 

Adverb with Examples

Verbs with examples

Adjectives and its Types with Examples

Pronoun and its Types

Noun and its Types

Past Perfect Continuous Tense

Past Perfect Tense

Past Continuous Tense

Past Simple Tense

Present Perfect Continuous

Present Perfect Tense

Present Continuous Tense

Present Simple Tense 

 

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