Dos and Don’ts of Grammar Teaching


Dos of Grammar Teaching

We should use authentic writing situations every day.

We should not make learning visible with anchor charts and student work around grammar concepts.

We should provide students with multiple exposures to a variety of grammatical situations. 

We should have made the students create nonlinguistic representations like images, gestures, picture stories of grammatical situations.

We should use engaging and relevant writing situations to engage students in grammatical 


Don’ts of Grammar Teaching

Don’t discourage students to read a variety of nonfiction, informational, and fiction texts in order to expose them to multiple texts and a variety of writing situations.

Don’t let time constraints be a reason to avoid grammar instructions.

Don’t assess every single grammatical choice a student makes.

Don’t ask the students to complete only grammar worksheets without purpose for practice.

Don’t teach too many skills at one time; instead, go deep with a few skills and concepts.

Don’t learn skills and abandon them; instead, continue to reinforce skills and concepts throughout the year.

Other Related Links:

Conditional Sentences

Preposition and its Types 

Adverb with Examples

Adjectives and its Types with Examples

Pronoun and its Types

Noun and its Types

Past Perfect Continuous Tense

Past Perfect Tense

Past Continuous Tense

Past Simple Tense

Present Perfect Continuous

Present Perfect Tense

Present Continuous Tense

Present Simple Tense 

Scheme of Studies for Single National Curriculum Pakistan

 Components of Scheme of Studies

1. Subjects to be taught from Early Childhood Care & Education to Intermediate 


2. Subject-Wise Weightage

3. Medium of Instruction.

4. Allocation of Periods and Marks for various subjects

5. Weightage of Theory and Practical Periods

6. Co- urricular Activities c

7. Weightage of Skills Physical and Activities and Sports

8. Mode of Assessment / Evaluation

Aims and Objectives of Scheme of Studies

1. To prescribe the subjects to be taught to various Grades to impart high quality 

student-centered learning.

2. To transform School Education with added emphasis on Science, Technology 

Engineering Art and Mathematics (STEAM subjects), integration of core subjects 

and 21st century skills and skillful application of emerging trends, modern 

concepts, technical knowledge and innovative activities.

3. To promote awareness about National Integration, Patriotism, Islamic Ideology 

and its impact on socio-economic development and security of the country.

4. To produce disciplined, motivated and enlightened youth with high moral 

character, sound ethical values and resilience to face adversities and challenges.

5. To produce creative, constructive and critical thinking individuals imbued with 

Quaid-e-Azam’s & Allama Iqbal’s vision with in-depth understanding of 

technology-driven knowledge economy.

6. To bridge the gap between Public Sector & Private Sector Educational 

Institutions and Deeni Madaris. 

Highlights of Scheme of Studies

1. Early Childhood Care & Education (Pre 1) has been specied for Pre Primary age 

of 4-5 years with the scope to expand and include Pre Primary age of 3-4 years.

2. Medium of instruction has been revised as under:

a. Pre 1 : Urdu / English 

b. Primary : English for Mathematics and General Science. Urdu 

for other subjects.

c. Middle : English for Mathematics, Computer Education and 

General Science. Urdu for other subjects

d. Secondary : English for Physics, Chemistry, Mathematics, Biology, 

General Science, Computer Science and Medical 

Related Technologies / Engineering Related 

Technologies / Technical & Vocational Education. 

Urdu for other subjects. 

e. Higher Secondary: English for Mathematics, Physics, Chemistry, Biology, 

Medica l and Allied Health Technologies / 

Engineering Technologies / Technical & Vocational 

Education and Agriculture / Veterinary & Animal 

Sciences. Urdu for other subjects.

3. Concept of STEAM subjects as envisioned by the Government of the Punjab has 

been introduced as under:

 a. A new group of STEAM subjects namely Medical Related Technologies / 

Engineering Related Technologies / Technical & Vocational Education 

Group has been introduced for Grades IX-X.

 b. Three new groups of STEAM subjects have been introduced for Grades

XI-XII as under: 

 (1) Medical & Allied Health Technologies / Engineering

 Technologies / Technical & Vocational Education Group

 (2) Agriculture / Veterinary & Animal Sciences Group

 (3) Applied Arts Group

4. An effort has been made to bridge the gap between Public Sector & Private Sector 

Educational Institutions and Deeni Madaris through introduction of a balanced 

programme of studies with emerging trends, modern concepts & technological 

Highlights of Scheme of StudiesScheme of Studies 6

innovations keeping in view the best national interest and career requirements 

of the students.

5. Teaching of Holy Quran has been introduced as Part-II of Islamiat for Grades I–V 

and VI – XII.

6. For non-Muslim students, Religious Education has been introduced in place of 

Ethics & Morality for Grades I-XII.

7. Humanities and General Group for Grades IX-X and XI-XII has been developed 

as Humanities, Social Sciences and General Group after adding relevant subjects 

of studies.

8. Commerce Group has been developed as Business and Commerce Group for 

Grades XI-XII .

9.. Personality development and life skills have been introduced through Sports 

and Co-curricular activities as under:-

a. Boy Scouts/Girl Guides, Bazm-e-Adab, Physical Education and Games & 

Sports for Grades VI-VIII. 

b. Civil Defense/Nursing & First Aid, Community Service and Games & 

Sports for Grades IX-X.

c. NCC / Women Guard, Unarmed Combat & Martial Arts, Community 

Service and Games & Sports for Grades XI-XII.Scheme of Studies.

Core Subjects

1. Core subjects for Early Childhood Care & Education (Pre 1) are Urdu, English and 


2. Core subjects for Grades I-III are Urdu, English, Mathematics, Islamiat and 

General Knowledge (General Science and Social Studies). 

3. Core subjects for Grades IV-V are Urdu, English, Mathematics, Islamiat , General 

Science and Social Studies. 

4. Core subjects for Grades VI-VIII are Urdu, English, Mathematics, Islamiat, 

Computer Education, General Science, History and Geography besides elective 

Arabic / Persian / Punjabi /Functional English / Functional Urdu / Art & 

Drawing/ Essentials of Home Economics /Agriculture. 

5. Core subjects for Science Group of Grades IX-X are Urdu, English, Islamiat, 

Pakistan Studies, Mathematics, Physics, Chemistry and Biology / Computer 

Science & ICT .

6. Core subjects for Humanities Social Sciences & General Group of Grades IX-X are 

Urdu, English, Islamiat , Pakistan Studies, two Elective subjects from any one sub 

Group of Humanities Social Sciences & General Group, besides General 

Mathematics and General Science.

7. Core subjects for Medical related Technologies / Engineering related 

Technologies / Technical and Vocational Education Group of Grades IX-X are 

Urdu, English, Islamiat, Pakistan Studies, Medical related Technologies / 

Engineering Related Technologies / Technical & Vocational Education, besides 

Physics, Chemistry and Biology/Mathematics.

8. Core subjects for Pre-Medical Group of Grades XI-XII are Urdu, English, Islamiat, 

Pakistan Studies, Physics, Chemistry, Biology and Computer Science & ICT / 


9. Core subjects for Pre-Engineering Group of Grades XI-XII are Urdu, English, 

Islamiat, Pakistan Studies, Physics, Chemistry, Mathematics and Computer 

Science & ICT.

10. Core subjects for Medical & Allied Health Technologies / Engineering 

Technologies / Technical & Vocational Education Group of Grades XI-XII are 

Urdu, English, Islamiat, Pakistan Studies, Medical and Allied Health 

Core Subjects8 Scheme of Studies

Technologies / Engineering Technologies / Technical and Vocational Education, 

besides Physics, Chemistry and Biology / Mathematics.

11. Core subjects for Agriculture / Veterinary & Animal Sciences Group of Grades XIXII are Urdu, English, Islamiat, Pakistan Studies, Agriculture / Veterinary & 

Animal Sciences, besides Physics, Chemistry and Biology.

12. Core subjects for General Science Group of Grades XI-XII are Urdu, English, 

Islamiat, Pakistan Studies and a combination of three subjects with Mathematics, 

out of Statistics, Physics, Economics and Computer Science & ICT, besides 

Education & Pedagogical Skills.

13. Core subjects for Humanities, Social Sciences & General Group of Grades XI-XII 

are Urdu, English, Islamiat , Pakistan Studies and three electives out of any one 

sub Group of Humanities, Social Sciences & General Group, besides Computer 

Science & ICT /Education & Pedagogical Skills.

14. Core subjects for Business & Commerce Group of Grades XI-XII are Urdu, 

English, Islamiat, Pakistan Studies, Business & Commerce, Banking-Accounting 

& Finance, Management & Marketing besides Computer Science & ICT.

15. Core subjects for Home Economics Group of Grades XI-XII are Urdu, English, 

Islamiat, Pakistan Studies and six subjects from Home Economics besides 

Computer Science & ICT / Mathematics.

16. Core subjects for Islamic Studies Group of Grades XI-XII are Urdu, English, 

Islamiat , Pakistan Studies, Arabic & Quranic studies, Advanced Islamic Studies, 

Muslim History & Culture, besides Computer Science & ICT.

17. Core subjects for Applied Arts Group of Grades XI-XII are Urdu, English, 

Islamiat, Pakistan Studies and six subjects from Applied Arts, besides Computer 

Science & ICT.9 Scheme of Studies

Format of the Curriculum Document

Curriculum will be developed for every subject given in the scheme of studies as per 

following format:

a. Introduction: Rationale, process of curriculum development, key learning areas 

and standards.

b. Transition of Scheme of Studies for relevant subject into curriculum, textbooks 

and dissemination of knowledge & skills to the students.

c. Grade-wise learning units distribution matrix.

d. Details of themes and sub-themes and Grade wise student learning outcomes.

e. Teaching and learning strategies.

f. Assessment and Evaluation.

g. Guidelines for authors and reviewers for developing textbooks and teaching & 

learning material.

h. Details of practical and lab works and suggested activities, if applicable.

i. Composition of the Curriculum Draft / Review Committee. 


Textbooks will be prepared in the light of curriculum as per Policy of the Government.

Assessment & Evaluation System

1. Students will be assessed by the concerned educational institution in various 

subjects for Grades I – VIII at the end of each academic year, besides quarterly 

tests. However, for Grades IX – XII examination will be conducted by the 

respective BISE/ Wafaq-ul-Madaris.

2. The existing examination system will be gradually transformed into curriculum 

based evaluation under a phased programme.

3. Ability of a private candidate in performing practical work will be assessed 

during the examination conducted by BISE / Wafaq-ul-Madaris as per 

guidelines issued by the Government.

Implementation Strategy

1. Implementation of newly introduced STEAM subjects as per directions of the 

Government will require timely provision of sufcient labs and subject teachers. In 

this context, School Education Department will ensure adequate coordination 

amongst PCTB, QAED, PEC Directorate of Education, BISE, Punjab Educational 

Equipment Centre and TEVTA etc. besides advising the school administration to 

maintain close liaison with local community, industry and hospitals etc. for arranging 

educational tours for the students.

2. Necessary guidance, counseling and technical & professional advice will be 

provided to the students up to Higher Secondary level by the concerned teachers. In 

this regard a booklet on “Guidance & Counseling” will be provided to all the 

Educational Institutions.

Salient Features of Single National Curriculum 2021 Pakistan

 Curriculum is like a map that shows the learning path to students & teachers and 

determines the process of learning. Curriculum revision and development is generally 

a continuous and dynamic process, including need assessment, planning, designing, 

teacher training, materials development, their piloting, their revision and 

modification, implementing, monitoring, feedback, evaluation and assessment. The 

revision of of Single National Curriculum 2021 Pakistan is generally based on the 

following broader areas or parameters: 

a. Scheme of Studies 

b. Ideological Requirements 

c. Aims of Education and Policies 

d. Educational Standards for Various Levels 

e. Language Policy 

f. Medium of Instruction 

g. Educational Technology including ICT 

h. Teachers and their Professional Development ix. Examinations and Continuous School Assessment 

i. Textbooks and Supplementary Reading Materials 

j. Assessment of Learning Achievements 

k. School Environment 

l. Moral and Ethical Development of Learners 

m. Health and Physical Education 

n. Cultural and Regional Diversity, Religious and Gender Sensitivities in 

Curriculum and Textbooks 

o. Inclusive Education 

p. Systemic changes and adaptations 

q. Inclusion of special issues like Environmental Education involving 

Sanitation, Safe & Pure Drinking Water and Hygiene, Food & Nutrition, Life Skills Based Education, Inter-Faith Harmony, Human Rights Education, Peace and Value Education, Child Rights, Child Abuse, Gender Awareness, Women Empowerment, Population and Development, Education,  Prevention Education, Disaster Risk and Crisis Management against HIV and other Fatal Diseases and other emerging trends etc.

Other Important Links:

Scheme of Studies for Single National Curriculum Pakistan

Salient Features of Single National Curriculum 2021 Pakistan

How to Use LMS Software for the Government teachers of Punjab Province

Download Books of Punjab Textbook Board for all classes 

Difference between Curriculum, Syllabus and Course

Types of Curriculum