Showing posts with label Parts of Speech. Show all posts
Showing posts with label Parts of Speech. Show all posts

Preposition and its Types

  Preposition are the words which connect nouns, pronouns or phrases to show their relationship or position with each other.

Preposition Examples: in, on, before, across, above, under, of, at, after, near, beside etc.

Sentences:

Note: Words in italic are prepositions.

He sits in the chair.

She enters through the gate.

They appeared before the jury.


Types of Prepositions:

 

Preposition of Place

Preposition of Time

Preposition of Movement

on

during

across

in

after

through

at

before

down

under

at

up






Fill in the banks with the suitable prepositions. 

1- Who is knocking _________ the door? (in, at, on)
2- He was sitting __________ the chair.(in, on, at)
3- She was walking _________ me. (besides, along, near)
4- The policeman ran _________ the thief. (after, besides, along)
5- He lives __________ London. (on, at, into)
6- The swimmer jumped _________ the swimming pool.  (in, into, at)
7- She jumped _________ the rope. (over, above, on)
8- The father was proud _________ his son's success. (of, in, on)
9- I will be thankful __________ you. (in, to, on)
10- I am inspired __________ his personality. (by, on, at)


Adverb with Examples

 It is a word or phrase which adds in the meaning of a verb, an adjective or another adverb.

Examples: recently, often, here, quickly etc.

Sentences:

Note: Words in italic are adverbs.

He has completed his work recently.

She often visits the park.

They welcomed him warmly.


Types of Adverbs:

 

Manner

Place

Frequency

Time

Degree

happily

here

often

now

slightly

angrily

anywhere

always

then

perfectly

warmly

there

usually

yesterday

very

 sadly

down

 never

last year

completely

 

Adverb Exercise:

Fill in the banks with suitable adverbs.

1- He has completed his project ________. (recently, angrily, awkwardly)

2- He faced the trouble __________. (cowardly, bravely, quickly)

3- She ran __________. (recently, angrily, fast)

4- The players played very ________. (well, recently, completely)

5- He __________ comes to my house. (well, often, bravely)

Adverb Order:

Following is the adverb order when more than one adverbs are used in a sentence:

manner, place, frequency, time


Other Related Links:

Conditional Sentences

Preposition and its Types

Verbs with examples

Adjectives and its Types with Examples

Pronoun and its Types

Noun and its Types

Past Perfect Continuous Tense

Past Perfect Tense

Past Continuous Tense

Past Simple Tense

Present Perfect Continuous

Present Perfect Tense

Present Continuous Tense

Present Simple Tense 

 

Verbs with examples

  Verbs are those words which show an action.

 Examples: play, go, come, get, help, make, live etc.

 

Regular verbs: These are verbs which take the form of past and past participle just by adding 'd' or 'ed'.

Examples:

Present   

Past   

Past Participle

Present Participle

play

Played

Played

playing

help

helped

helped

helping

live

lived

lived

living

Cook

Cooked

Cooked

cooking

pluck

Plucked                          

Plucked

plucking

 

Irregular Verbs: These are those verbs which take the form of past and past participle without any regular pattern.

Examples:

Present   

Past   

Past Participle

Present Participle

go

Went

Gone

going

come

came

come

coming

read

Read

Read

reading

Write

Wrote

Written

Writing

Sleep

Slept

Slept

sleeping

 


 

Other Related Links:

Conditional Sentences

Preposition and its Types 

Adverb with Examples

Adjectives and its Types with Examples

Pronoun and its Types

Noun and its Types

Past Perfect Continuous Tense

Past Perfect Tense

Past Continuous Tense

Past Simple Tense

Present Perfect Continuous

Present Perfect Tense

Present Continuous Tense

Present Simple Tense 

 

Adjectives and its Types with Examples

Definition of Adjective

Adjectives are such kind of words which describe nouns.

                                    Or

Adjectives are those words which tell us about nouns.

Adjective Examples: beautiful, good, nice, red, happy, sad, small, huge, British, wooden                      etc.

Adjective Sentences:

Note: Words in italics are adjectives.

1- He is an intelligent boy.

2- Rose is a beautiful flower.

3- John has British nationality.

4- I bought a wooden table from the bazar.

5- This red shirt suits you nicely.

 

Types of Adjectives:

 

Adjective of Quality or Opinion

Adjective of Quantity

Adjective of Size

Adjective of Shape

Adjective of Origin

nice

some

huge

Round

American

great

any

small

oval

Chinese

happy

two

tiny

pointed

Asian

 good

several

 long

flat

European

 

Note:

  •          Adjectives usually come before noun
  •          If more than one adjectives are used, then order will be: opinion or quality, size, age, shape

  

 

Activities for Teaching Adjectives


Adjectives (Activity 1) 

 Make your students stand in a circle.
 Ask them to make an adjective with the first letter of his name.
e.g. Ambitious Ali, Sweet Salman, Keen Kamran etc.
 Start clockwise. Each student makes an adjective.
 When any student is stuck and unable to find any adjective, he
is out of the circle.
 The activity continues till the last student keeps standing and
wins the contest.

Adjectives (Activity 2) 

 Find out the Object:
 Put some objects in the bag.
 Ask one student to look into the bag and describe
one object. E.g. a neat new black marker.
 The other student will go and pick out the same
object. If he does so, the pair wins


Other Related Links:

Conditional Sentences

Preposition and its Types 

Adverb with Examples

Verbs with examples

Pronoun and its Types

Noun and its Types

Past Perfect Continuous Tense

Past Perfect Tense

Past Continuous Tense

Past Simple Tense

Present Perfect Continuous

Present Perfect Tense

Present Continuous Tense

Present Simple Tense 

 




Pronoun and its Types

Pronoun is the word which is used in place of a noun.
Pronoun Example: I, we, he, she, it, they, you, this, which, my, yourself, mine etc. 

Types of Pronouns

1- Personal Pronouns
2- Reflexive Pronouns
3- Interrogative Pronouns
4- Relative Pronouns
5- Demonstrative Pronouns
6- Possessive Pronouns

1- Personal Pronouns

Personal pronouns are used in place of the  name of a specific person.

Person

Subjective Form

Objective Form

First

I

me

We

us

Second

You

you

Third

He

him

She

her

It

it

They

them

 

2- Reflexive Pronouns

These are the pronouns which show the effect of the subject on itself

For example: myself, yourself, ourselves, themselves, itself, himself, herself

Sentences:
She herself opened the door
I myself served my guests

3- Interrogative Pronouns

These pronouns ask questions about the things which we do not know

For example: who, which, whom, what

Sentences:
What is your name?
Who is knocking at the door?

4- Relative Pronouns

These are the pronouns which join independent and subordinate clauses.

For example: which, who, that, whom, whose

Sentences:
Whose letter is this?
He is the boy whom I met yesterday.

5- Demonstrative Pronouns 

These are the pronouns which refer to a thing or things.

For example: this, that, those, these

Sentences:
This is my car.
Those are their chairs.

6- Possessive Pronouns

These Pronouns show the possession of a noun.

For example: mine, yours, ours, its, theirs, his, hers

Sentences:
This book is mine.
Is this pen yours?


Other Related Links:

Conditional Sentences

Preposition and its Types 

Adverb with Examples

Verbs with examples

Adjectives and its Types with Examples

Noun and its Types

Past Perfect Continuous Tense

Past Perfect Tense

Past Continuous Tense

Past Simple Tense

Present Perfect Continuous

Present Perfect Tense

Present Continuous Tense

Present Simple Tense 

 







Noun and its Types

 Noun

The name of a person, place or thing is called a noun.

Noun example: table, chair, London, John, Road, etc.

Kinds of Nouns

There are different types of Nouns:

Proper Nou

The specific name of a person,  place or thing is called a proper noun.

For example: Pakistan, Johnson, Washington, Holy Quran etc.

Common Noun

Generic or common name of a person, place or thing is called a common noun.

For example: boy, animal, city, book etc.

Countable Nouns

The nouns which have plural form are called countable nouns.

For example: pen, city, plant, boy

Uncountable Nouns

The Nouns which do not have plural forms are called uncountable nouns. 

For example: oil, sugar, water etc.

Concrete Nouns

The name of the things which we can observe through our senses are called concrete nouns. 

For example: boy, book, table or other than abstract noun.

Abstract Nouns

The name of the things which we can not observe through our senses are called abstract Nouns. These may be ideas, emotions qualities etc.

For example: honesty, responsibility, bravery etc.

Collective Noun

The Nouns which represent a group are called collective nouns.

For example: army, police, jury etc.

Compund Nouns 

The Nouns which are formed by joining two or more words are called compound nouns.

For example: day dreaming, sister in law, well being etc.






Other Related Links:

Conditional Sentences

Preposition and its Types 

Adverb with Examples

Verbs with examples

Adjectives and its Types with Examples

Pronoun and its Types

Past Perfect Continuous Tense

Past Perfect Tense

Past Continuous Tense

Past Simple Tense

Present Perfect Continuous

Present Perfect Tense

Present Continuous Tense

Present Simple Tense