Showing posts with label Tenses. Show all posts
Showing posts with label Tenses. Show all posts

Conditional Sentences

 Conditional sentences are those sentences which are comprised of two parts. One part shows a situation or condition and the other shows the effect of that situation or condition.

Example: If it rains, the soil gets wet.


Types of Conditional Sentences

Conditional sentences are of four types:

1- Zero Conditional

2- First Conditional

3- Second Conditional

1- Third Conditional


1- Zero Conditional

Result in zero conditional sentence is extremely certain. If one condition is present, then its relevant result is compulsory like universal truth. These sentences show facts and universal truths. Conditional Part starts with the conjunction 'if'. Both parts of the sentence are in simple present tense.

Examples:

If  he fells from the roof, he gets injury

If they play better than the opponents, they win the match.


2- First Conditional

Result in first conditional sentence is not certain but likely to happen.  Conditional Part starts with the conjunction 'if'. Both parts of the sentence are in different tense. One part is in simple present and the other part is in simple future.

Examples:

If  he works hard, he will succeed.

If it rains, he will cancel the trip.


3- Second Conditional

Result in second conditional sentence is unlikely but not impossible to to happen.  Conditional Part starts with the conjunction 'if'. One part is in simple past and the other part carries model verb 'would' and present form of verb.

Examples:

If  I won the match , I would grasp the first place in ranking.

If he came to London, he would meet the friends.


4- Third Conditional

Result in third conditional sentence is impossible to to happen because the time for happening that condition has passed in the passed and it is imaginary situation now.  Conditional Part starts with the conjunction 'if'. One part is in past perfect and the other part carries 'would have' and past participle form of verb.

Examples:

If  I had won the lottery, I would have helped the poor.

If he had the powers, he would have crushed the opponents with cruelty.


Other Related Links:

Preposition and its Types 

Adverb with Examples

Verbs with examples

Adjectives and its Types with Examples

Pronoun and its Types

Noun and its Types

Past Perfect Continuous Tense

Past Perfect Tense

Past Continuous Tense

Past Simple Tense

Present Perfect Continuous

Present Perfect Tense

Present Continuous Tense

Present Simple Tense 

 

Future Tense

 There is no future tense in English as such but there is a range of tenses and

phrases to present future.

These are:

Future Simple:

It is usually formed with the modal verb ‘will’.

To express a future intention e.g. ‘I will visit the office tomorrow’.

To express prediction e.g. ‘He will have bad consequences if he cheats like that’.

To express a sudden decision e.g. ‘I know, I will get a take away’.


Other Related Links:

Conditional Sentences

Preposition and its Types 

Adverb with Examples

Verbs with examples

Adjectives and its Types with Examples

Pronoun and its Types

Noun and its Types

Past Perfect Continuous Tense

Past Perfect Tense

Past Continuous Tense

Past Simple Tense

Present Perfect Continuous

Present Perfect Tense

Present Continuous Tense

Present Simple Tense 

 

Past Perfect Continuous Tense

  Past Perfect Continuous Tense presents an action that started in the past and continued up to the some duration or point of time in the past. This tense also tells the duration and the point of time that the action had been taking place. 

Basic Structure

Subject + had + been + Verb (present participle) + Object

I               had           been        reading      a  book   since morning.


Positive Sentence

I had been playing cricket for two hours.

Negative Sentence

He had not been working since 4 pm.

Interrogative Sentence

Had you been working in that office for several years?

Negative Interrogative Sentence

Had they not been residing there since 2001?


Note: 

1- 'Since' is used for specific point of time like (1990, morning, 5 am) whereas "For' is used for duration of time like (2 hours, 3 days, several)


Past Perfect Continuous Tense













Other Related Links:

Conditional Sentences

Preposition and its Types 

Adverb with Examples

Verbs with examples

Adjectives and its Types with Examples

Pronoun and its Types

Noun and its Types

Past Perfect Continuous Tense

Past Perfect Tense

Past Continuous Tense

Past Simple Tense

Present Perfect Continuous

Present Perfect Tense

Present Continuous Tense

Present Simple Tense 

 

Past Perfect Tense

 Past Perfect Tense presents an action that happened in the past and completed before another action in the past e.g. 'The patient had died before the doctor came'. 

Basic Structure

Subject + had + Verb (past participle) + Object

I                had                   done                   my work.


Positive Sentence

She had planned her lesson.

Negative Sentence

He had written a letter to his friend.

Interrogative Sentence

Had you taken your breakfast?

Negative Interrogative Sentence

Had they passed the test?


Past Perfect Tense













Other Related Links:

Conditional Sentences

Preposition and its Types 

Adverb with Examples

Verbs with examples

Adjectives and its Types with Examples

Pronoun and its Types

Noun and its Types

Past Perfect Continuous Tense

Past Perfect Tense

Past Continuous Tense

Past Simple Tense

Present Perfect Continuous

Present Perfect Tense

Present Continuous Tense

Present Simple Tense 

 

Past Continuous Tense

 Present Continuous Tense is used to present an action that started in the past and continued for a short duration of time.

Basic Structure

Subject + was/were + Verb (present participle) + Object

I                was                    playing                          table tennis.


Positive Sentence

I was going to market.

She was playing tennis at when I saw her.

Negative Sentence

He was not listening to me.

Interrogative Sentence

Were you watching movie on television?

Negative Interrogative Sentence

Were they not going to park?


Note: 

1- 'were' is used for  We, They, You and plural nouns. 'Was' is used for I, she, he, it and singular nouns.


Past Continuous Tense













Other Related Links:

Conditional Sentences

Preposition and its Types 

Adverb with Examples

Verbs with examples

Adjectives and its Types with Examples

Pronoun and its Types

Noun and its Types

Past Perfect Continuous Tense

Past Perfect Tense

Past Continuous Tense

Past Simple Tense

Present Perfect Continuous

Present Perfect Tense

Present Continuous Tense

Present Simple Tense 

 

Past Simple Tense

 Past Simple Tense is also called Past Indefinite Tense. It is usually used to present action that happened in the past usually for a short period of time.

Basic Structure

Subject + Verb (past form) + Object

I                   played                  table tennis.


Positive Sentence

She visited my office last week. 

Negative Sentence

He did not read the book.

Interrogative Sentence

Did you write a letter?

Negative Interrogative Sentence

Did they not win the competition?


Past Simple













Worksheet Past Simple Tense 

1- He ---------- food five minute before. (eat, ate, eating)

2-  ----------- she play football yesterday? (did, do, does)

3- They ----------- with each other two days before. (fight, fought, fighting)

4- We ---------- cricket last day. (play, played, playing)

5- Did you --------- mangoes last Sunday? (ate, eaten, eating)

6- Kids did not -------- hands before eating. (wash, washed, washing)

7- Those boys --------- 1st position in previous examinations. (get, got, got)

8- Teacher --------- students the same topic yesterday. (teach, taught, teaching)

9- She --------- book from her bag two minutes before. (find, found, finding)

10- He ---------- from the public office last year. (resign, resigned, resigning)


Worksheet Past Simple Tense



Other Related Links:

Conditional Sentences

Preposition and its Types 

Adverb with Examples

Verbs with examples

Adjectives and its Types with Examples

Pronoun and its Types

Noun and its Types

Past Perfect Continuous Tense

Past Perfect Tense

Past Continuous Tense

Past Simple Tense

Present Perfect Continuous

Present Perfect Tense

Present Continuous Tense

Present Simple Tense 

 

Present Perfect Continuous

  Present Perfect Continuous Tense (also called present perfect progressive) presents an action that started in the past and continued up to the present. This tense also tells the duration and the point of time that the action has been taking place. 

Basic Structure

Subject + has/have + been + Verb (present participle) + Object

I                have           been        reading                          a  book   since morning.


Positive Sentence

I have been playing cricket for two hours.

Negative Sentence

He has not been working since 4 pm.

Interrogative Sentence

Have you been working in this office for several years?

Negative Interrogative Sentence

Have they not been residing here since 2008?


Note: 

1- 'Have' is used for  I, We, They, You and plural nouns whereas 'Has' is used for she, he, it and singular nouns. 

2- 'Since' is used for specific point of time like (1990, morning, 5 am) whereas "For' is used for duration of time like (2 hours, 3 days, several)


Present Perfect Tense













Other Related Links:

Conditional Sentences

Preposition and its Types 

Adverb with Examples

Verbs with examples

Adjectives and its Types with Examples

Pronoun and its Types

Noun and its Types

Past Perfect Continuous Tense

Past Perfect Tense

Past Continuous Tense

Past Simple Tense

Present Perfect Continuous

Present Perfect Tense

Present Continuous Tense

Present Simple Tense 

 

Present Perfect Tense

 Present Perfect Tense presents an action that started in the near past but ended in the present.

Basic Structure

Subject + has/have + Verb (past participle) + Object

I                have                   read                          a new book.


Positive Sentence

She has planned her lesson.

Negative Sentence

He has written a letter to his friend.

Interrogative Sentence

Have you taken your breakfast?

Negative Interrogative Sentence

Have they passed the test?


Note: 

1- 'Have' is used for  I, We, They, You and plural nouns whereas 'Has' is used for she, he, it and singular nouns. 


Present Perfect Tense













Present Perfect Tense Worksheet

1- He --------------- completed his work. (has, have)

2- They have ------------ the match. (won, win)

3- I -------------- passed the exam recently. (have, has)

4- ----------- you done your home work? (have, has)

5- We have --------------- message to him. (sent, send)


Other Related Links:

Conditional Sentences

Preposition and its Types 

Adverb with Examples

Verbs with examples

Adjectives and its Types with Examples

Pronoun and its Types

Noun and its Types

Past Perfect Continuous Tense

Past Perfect Tense

Past Continuous Tense

Past Simple Tense

Present Perfect Continuous

Present Perfect Tense

Present Continuous Tense

Present Simple Tense 

 

Present Continuous Tense

Present Continuous Tense is also called Present Progressive Tense. It is usually used to present an ongoing action happening right now or at the moment of speech.

Basic Structure

Subject + is/are/am + Verb (present participle) + Object

I                am                    playing                          table tennis


Positive Sentence

I am going to market right now.

She is playing tennis at the moment.

Negative Sentence

He is not listening to me.

Interrogative Sentence

Are you watching movie on television?

Negative Interrogative Sentence

Are they not going to park?


Note: 

1- 'Are' is used for  We, They, You and plural nouns. 'Is' is used for she, he, it and singular nouns whereas 'am' is used for I.


Present Continuous Tense













Present Continuous Tense Worksheet

1- Where ---------- going right now? (is, was, are)

2- I ---------- making a plan for my study preparation at the moment. (are, am, is)

3- They ---------- doing practice for the coming match now a days. (does, are, is)

4- We are ---------- funds for the charity school. (collect, collected, collecting)

5- Who ---------- knocking at door consistently? (is, are, does)

6- The doctor ---------- examining the patient at the moment. (are, am, is)

7- You ---------- not abiding by the rules. (was, are, is)

8- ---------- she preparing meal for children right now? (do, are, is)

9- John and David ---------- playing together in the playground. (are, is, am)

10- What ---------- you doing now a days? (am, are, was)



Present Continuous Tense Worksheet





















Other Related Links:

Conditional Sentences

Preposition and its Types 

Adverb with Examples

Verbs with examples

Adjectives and its Types with Examples

Pronoun and its Types

Noun and its Types

Past Perfect Continuous Tense

Past Perfect Tense

Past Continuous Tense

Past Simple Tense

Present Perfect Continuous

Present Perfect Tense

Present Continuous Tense

Present Simple Tense 

 

Present Simple Tense

Present Simple is also called Present Indefinite. It is usually used to present action happening right now or daily routines and habits.

Basic Structure

Subject + Verb (present form) + Object

I                   play                          table tennis


Positive Sentence

I go to market on Sunday.

She goes for a walk daily

Negative Sentence

He does not read a book.

Interrogative Sentence

Do you like gardening?

Negative Interrogative Sentence

Do they not play on Sundays?


Note: 

1- 'Do' is used for I, We, They, You and plural nouns. 'Does' is used for she, he, it and singular nouns.

2-  If there is she, he, it and singular nouns as a subject, there will be addition of 's' or 'es' in the verb.

While if there is I, We, They, You and plural nouns as a subject, there will be no addition of 's' or 'es' in the verb.

3- 'es' is added in the verbs ending with o, x, ss, ch and sh.


Worksheet Present Simple

 Fill in the Blanks with the suitable word.

1- I ------------ not like junk foods. (do/does)

2- He ------------ cricket on Sundays. (play/plays)

3- -------------- they always obey the rules? (do/does)

4- She never -------------- a lie. (tell/tells)

5- We always --------------- the truth. (speak/speaks)

6- He ---------- not attend clients on weekdays. (do/does)

7- The sun ------------- in the East. (rise/rises)

8- ------------- you always help others?(do/does)

9- Waseem often -------------- my office. (Visit/visits)

10- Ali and Ahmad ------------ for a walk together.      (go/goes) 


Worksheet Present Simple Tense